1.Cholesterol screening/lipoprotein profile: It is advisable to start at age 20 and ensure it is done every five years.
2.Blood pressure check: It is a physical reading using an arm cuff and is often. It is advisable to start checking early. Many experts believe 120/80 is a healthier target to shoot for.
3.Diabetes screening: The test is performed after drinking a sugary drink; a fasting glucose tolerance test requires you not to eat for nine hours prior to the test. It is advisable to start before age 45 and it should also be done very often.
4.Bone density test: A specialized X-ray called a DXA (dual-energy X-ray) which screens the spine, hips, and wrists. The test should be done every five years for those under 65.
5.Vitamin D test: A blood test, often done along with the cholesterol and lipid panel, to check the level of vitamin D in the blood. It is recommended that it becomes an annual test after age 45.
6.Colonoscopy or Sigmoidoscopy: An examination of the colon using a tiny scope and camera, which are inserted through the rectum. It should be done every five years but should not start until the age of 50 except if there are risk factors.
7.Fecal occult blood test (FOBT): A stool sample test that looks for blood in the stool using a chemically treated pad that turns blue in the presence of blood. It should start at age 50 and should be done yearly.
8.Skin cancer screening: An examination of your skin, particularly moles, lesions, or other areas that are changing or growing. It can be done at any age provided it is done once in a month.
9.Eye exam and vision screening: A vision screening tests show well the man can see; an eye exam checks for glaucoma, macular degeneration, retinopathy, and other eye diseases. People within the age limit of 18 to 61 years should go for screening once in a year or at most, once in three years.
10.Hearing test (audiogram): It consists of a series of tests to assess different aspects of hearing. Tone tests are used to measure overall hearing, while additional tests check inner and middle ear function and evaluate ability to register speech. This should be done once in a while for youngsters and more regularly for the adults.
11.Thyroid test: This is a blood test that measures the level of thyroid-stimulating hormone. It should start by age 35.
12.Screening for metabolic syndrome: A blood test that measures an inflammatory marker for plaque buildup. It should start by age 50 and should be done every three to five years.
13.Testicular cancer screening: A self-exam or doctor’s exam for tumors in the testicle. The test can start at any age. It is recommended that all men do a self-exam every month for testicular cancer.
14.Prostate cancer screening: It is a digital rectal exam in which the doctor inserts a finger into the rectum to feel the prostate gland, and a blood test that measures the level of prostate-specific antigen. It should not start later than age 45 and should be done on a yearly basis.
15.Bladder cancer screening: A urine test that looks for small amounts of blood in the urine not visible to the eye. It should start at age 50 especially for those who have a history of smoking.
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